K 1 Artillery bunker  
  How the large guns could shoot  

Back to main page


Return to "The Cold War"




Go down the long, steep stairs to the underground bunker. At the bottom of the steps you will see a shower arrangement, where the crewmembers could rinse themselves after an attack with nuclear-, biological- or chemical weapons. Just past the showers, you will see a stepped embrasure, which is surrounded by a wooden shot trap, just like the one at the operations bunker. To the right of the armoured door there is a small guardroom, which is also equipped with an observation periscope. The periscope is still operational, just try looking through it!

If you continue, you will come to the mess room. Here, the light is dimmed and a few men are resting in their berths, while another is arranging his personal effects in an iron chest. Suspended from the ceiling are some long wooden brushes for cleaning the gun barrels. The bunkers were not occupied constantly, only during exercises and alarms. A small electric hotplate served to warm up the field rations.

The next room is the shell handling room. Here you’ll see a soldier in battle dress and wearing an artillery helmet. The room has racks to store the grenades. To prevent accidental explosions, the shells, detonators and the powder magazines were stored separately. A sled transports the shell into the elevator. In the elevator room, the shells arrive from the right and the powder magazines from the left, after which a Danish built electric elevator lifts them both to the gun. In case of an electricity failure, there is a possibility to operate the elevator manually. The detonators were kept in a separate small room. There is also an emergency exit, through which the crew could escape when the order was given to blow-up the bunker. For this purpose, explosives could be placed in certain places of the construction. Children often believe that the two showers at the bottom of the outside stairs were for the crew to bathe. The living circumstances in a bunker could be tough, but not quite as tough as in a submarine, as you will see later!




Top of Page