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  Saab Draken  F-35  

In the northernmost hangar you will find a Danish fighter of the type “Draken”. The aircraft was donated to the the to the museum by the Historical Collection of the Danish air force in Karup. It was brought to the museum in the spring of 2002. The aircraft is a Saab F-35 “Draken”, built as a fighyter/bomber in Linköping by the “Svenska Aeroplan Aktie-Bolag (SAAB). The design is known as a “Delta wing”. For many years it was the only Delta-winged aircraft in the world until the British-French passenger aircraft Concord was built.

The fighter was equipped with a jet-turbine engine of the type RM6C, built by Volvo Flygmotor AB in  Trollhättan. The first Draken flew in 1955, after several years spent with designing and testing. For tactical reasons, the Draken were designed to be able to use the existing Swedish motorways for take-off and landing. The result of several years of test flying and improving the design was a successful and good looking aircraft which finally became a Swedish export product. When Denmark needed to purchase a new hunter-aircraft during the 1960s, they had the choice between the American F-5 Freedom Fighter, the French Mirage III and the Swedish Saab Draken. In the end, the Draken won. Finland and Austria also purchased the Swedish Draken for their air forces. Denmark placed two orders for twenty Saab F-35 aircraft, a further twenty RF-35 and six TF-35. Later on they ordered five more TF-35’s. Since the aircraft had to fulfil the NATO requirements, a few changes were made, such as larger fuel-tanks.

The aircraft exhibited is a single-seated fighter with registration number A005. It was completed on 16 February 1970 and received by the Danish Air force on 23 October of the same year. Until it was phased out  in 1993, it flew in Danish airspace, performing patrols over the Baltic Sea and the Great Belt, in co-operation with the Langelandsfort and ships of the Danish Navy. It could attack targets both on land and at sea. Its armament could consist of machine-guns, missiles and bombs. The annual flying time varied between under 100 and 250 hours. Some of the Draken aircraft were equipped with cameras for photo reconnaissance. Especially fleet-movements of the Warsaw-pact navies in the Baltic Sea were followed very attentively. The cameras were placed in the nose of the aircraft. In 1980 all aircraft were modernized with new weapons-control- and navigation systems. In the service of the Danish air force the Draken proved itself as a very reliable hunter-fighter jet, which was easy to fly. Of the 51 aircraft that were purchased and were divided into two squadrons (ESK 725 and ESK 729), only nine crashed in the period between 1975 and 1999.

The Draken aircraft were phased-out in 1999, but a few of them, such as A005, were kept as exhibits for museums. 

  Technical specifications  

Name: Draken Saab F-35 - Engine: Volvo Flymotor RM6C - Wingspan: 15,35 m - Height: 3,89 m - Empty weight: 8 t - Max. weight: 16,1 t - Max. speed: 1.663 km/t - Cruising speed: 950 km/t - Action radius: 950 km -  Max altitude: 18.300 m - Armament Two 30 mm “Aden”  machineguns; Two air/air or air/surface missiles or machineguns; different types of NATO bombs.


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